Cocoa, Cashew Nuts, Yams, Chilli Pepper, Sesame Seeds, Palm Kernel, Palm Oil, Groundnut, Cowpeas, Ginger, Garlic, Hibiscus, Melon, Onions, Cassava, Turmeric, Soya Beans, Shea Butter, Hard Wood Charcoal, Moringa Seeds, bitter kola, kola nut, tiger nut, yam, coconut, cassava etc. Please feel free to contact us at any time in case of any further clarification.
The cashew tree is a tropical evergreen that produces the cashew nuts and the cashew apple. The cashew nut is widely consumed. It is eaten on its own, used in recipes or produced into cashew cheese or cashew butter. The shell can also be used in many applications including lubricants, water proofing, paints and arms products. It also has by-products that can be used in developing drugs, anti oxidants, fungicides and biomaterials, etc.
Sesame is an important crop to Nigerian Agriculture because it is quite extensively cultivated in the country. it yields in relatively poor climate conditions , it is widely used within Nigeria, and is an important component of Nigeria’s agricultural exports. There are two types produced in Nigeria
- White which is the food grade used in bakery industry. These seeds are 98-100% white.
- Brown/black/mixed, which is primarily the oil-grade. the brown can be upgraded to food grade through bleaching.
Sesame seeds are useful in the following areas; cuisines confectionaries, baking and pastry, soup (in Africa) flavour enhancement, body massage (sesame oil) hair treatment (sesame oil) drug manufacturing, solvent in injected drugs or intravenous drip solutions.
Garlic is widely used around the world for its pungent flavor as a seasoning or condiment. Garlic contains a compound called Allicin, which has potent medicinal properties; it is highly nutritious but has very few calories. It can combat sickness including common cold, can reduce blood pressure and improves cholesterol level which may lower the risk of heart disease. It contains antioxidant that may help prevent Alzheimer, disease and dementia, it improves bone health etc.
Chilli pepper pods which are berries are used fresh or dried. Chillies are dried to preserve them for long periods of time and contains large amount of vitamin C, other species contains pro-vitaminA beta-carotene. In addition peppers are rich source of vitamin B6.
The chemical in chilli peppers that make them hot is used as an analgesic in topical ointments, nasal sprays and dermalpatches to relieve pain.
Cocoa is an economic crop that grows oblong pods alternately or asymmetrically on the cocoa tree. The pods are hard and appear in melon, baseball or balloon like shapes and comes in diverse colours such as gold, green, pink, maroon, yellow or red; weighing about 450g and 15-20cm long, each pod contains 24-45 seeds which when dried are the cocoa beans.
There are two varieties of cocoa, the Amelionado; and Amazon. The Amelionado is the most common variety in Nigeria, it has a gestation period (planting to fruiting )of 5-6 years, Amelionado has the advantage of resisting black pod diseases, has adequate weight and produces more seeds than the Amazon.
Cocoa sweet in contains pectin which is widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. it can also be processed into soft drinks, wines, alcohol and it is the main source of chocolate. etc.
Soya bean is specie of legume, widely grown for its edible bean which has numerous uses. The plant classed as an oilseed rather than a pulse by the UN Food and Agricultural organization.
It can be eaten whole or processed into soy flour, soy protein, tofu, soy milk, soy sauce and soy bean oil. Soy beans help people gain weight in a healthy way, protect heart health, defend against cancer, reduce the effects of menopause, improve digestive health, promotes bone health, increase circulation and generally tones up the body, etc.
Groundnut also known as peanut is considered as a very healthy snack. Studies has shown that groundnut contains nutrition goodies that contribute to a healthy heart, strong bones and has anti–aging properties
The nuts are really rich with significant beneficial nutrients that are essential for optimum health e.g. reduces the risk of colon cancer, vitamin B3 which boosts memory and helps lower cholesterol, cardiovascular diseases, helps fights stomach ulcer, rich in energy and protects the skin.
Turmeric has a range of health benefits due to curcumin the yellow pigment. Turmeric can tame heart burn and upset stomach, relives menstrual pain, gives relief from fatigue, nausea, pelvic pain and cramps, helps detoxify the body, helps to prevent cystic fibrosis and cancer.
Used for curries, biscuits, general spice flavouring for dozen of dishes.
Hibiscus is a genus of flavouring plants. It is of red and white colors, the fruit is a dry five-lobed capsule, containing several seeds in each lobe, which are released when the capsule dehisces (splits open) at maturity.
Hibiscus plants are known for their large colorful flowers, these blossoms can make a decorative addition to a home or garden, have medicinal uses. The flowers and leaves can be made into teas and liquid extracts that can help treat a variety of conditions, hibiscus can help with weight loss and cancer, upset stomach, high blood pressure, bacterial infections, fever, etc.
Ginger is surprisingly the most widely used dietary condiment in the world today. Ginger is a versatile addition to soups, sauces, marinades and a number of other dishes.
Ginger is a good source of vitamin C, magnesium, potassium, copper and manganese. Studies have also shown the effectiveness of ginger as a pain reliever, it eases nausea and vomiting, reduces side effects associated with chemotherapy, cold sweating etc.
Nigeria produces an average of 40,000 metric tonnes of fresh weight ginger per annum. Nigerian ginger is highly valued in international markets for its aroma, pungency and high oil and oleoresin contents.
Onions are also known as the bulbs or common onions, onions have particularly large cells. Onions are loaded with numerous health benefits and scientists are still discovering how beneficial this vegetable really is. Onions are very good source of vitamin C and B6, iron, folate and potassium. The manganese content in onions provides cold and flu relief with its anti inflammatory abilities. Onions are one of the most highly recommended vegetable.
Charcoal is a light weight, black residue, consisting of carbon and any remaining ash obtained by removing water and other volatile constituents from animal and vegetation substances. Charcoal is usually produced by slow Pyrolysis, the heating of wood or other substances in the absence of oxygen.
Charcoal is used as metallurgical fuel, industrial fuel, cooking fuel, syngas production, pyrotechnics, carbon source, purification and filtrations, horticulture, medicine, art.
Palm Kernel is the edible seed of the oil palm fruit. The fruit fields two distinct oil: Palm oil derived from the outer parts of the fruit, and palm kernel oil derived from the kernel.
The pulp left after oil from the kernel is formed into palm kernel cake, used either as high-protein feed for dairy cattle or burned in boilers to generate electricity for palm oil mills.
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms. Palm oil is naturally reddish in color because of high beta-carotene content.
Palm oil is rich in carotenes, such as alpha-carotene bata-Carotene and lycopene.
The cowpea vigna unguiculata is an annual herbaceous legume from the genus vigna. Due to its tolerance for sandy soil and low rainfall, it is an important crop in the Semi-arid regions across Africa and other countries. The whole plant is used as forage for animals, with its use as cattle feed likely responsible for its name.
Four subspecies of cowpea are recognized, of which three are cultivated. There is a high level of morphological diversity found within the species with large variations in the size, shape and structure of the plant. Cowpeas can be erect, semi erect (trailing) or climbing. The crop is mainly grown for its seeds, which are extremely high in protein, although the leaves and immature seeds pods can also be consumed.
Most cowpeas are grown on the African continent, particularly in Nigeria and Niger which account for 66% of world population.
Cowpeas seeds provide rich source of proteins and calories as well as minerals and vitamins. The grain is one of the richest sources of folic acid, an important vitamin that helps prevent neural tube defects in unborn babies.
Cultivated cowpeas are known by the Common names black eyed pea, southern pea, yard long bean, catjang and Crowder Pea.
CASSAVA (Manihot Esculant)
Cassava is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrate. Though it is often called yucca in Spanish. Cassava when dried to a powdery (or pearly) extract is called tapioca, its fermented, flacky version is named garri.
Cassava is the third largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics after rice and maize. Cassava is a major staple food in the developing world, providing a basic diet for over half a billion people. Nigeria is the world largest producer of cassava.
Cassava is used for alcoholic beverages, biofuel, animal feed, laundry starch, medicinal purposes.
Shea butter is a fat extracted from the nut of the African shea tree (vitellaria paradox). It is usually yellow in color when raw, with unrefined, refined and ultra- refined shea butter being ivory or white in color.
Shea is a triglyceride (fat) derived mainly from stearic acid and oleic acid. It is widely used in cosmetics as a moisturizer, salve or lotion. Shea butter is edible and used in food preparation in Africa. Shea butter is manly used in the cosmetics industry for skin and hair related products (lip gloss, skin moisturizer creams and emulsions and hair conditioners for dry and brittle hair). It is also used for soap making, medicinal ointments and sun blocking lotion.
The seeds of the moringa oleifera plant are among the most nutritious and useful botanical products available. These versatile seeds can be used in a variety of ways, medicinal and herbal remedies, as nutritional supplements and for industrial and agricultural purposes
It is eaten like green pea, used for water purification and biofuel.
TIGERNUTS (Cyperus Esculentus)
They are small root vegetable and it originated from Africa. It is currently cultivated in Nigeria, spain e.t.c.
Tiger nuts are a traditional food in Nigeria that can be consumed in various forms. They can be eaten raw as a healthy snack or made into an all- natural delicious milky beverage known as ‘Kunnu Aya’ (Tiger nut milk) which serves as a healthy beverage or as a lactose free alternative to dairy milk.
This plant milk is also suitable for gluten-intolerant people as well as those who suffer from nut allergies. The chaff produced when making the tiger nut milk can be dried and used to make glutten-free flour for baking or added as extra fibre when making smoothes. Edible and stable oil that compares favourably with olive oil can also be gotten from tiger nuts.
In china, tiger nuts are used as liver tonic or heart stimulant and in the United States of America they are consumed in various forms. Tiger nuts contain a large number of antioxidant. They have a high content of soluble glucose and oleic acid-which helps lower bad cholesterol and prevent heart attacks. They are also an excellent source of starch, healthy fats, sugars and protein.
Tiger nuts are rich in Vitamins BI, E, which is essentially for fertility in both men and women and can help promote normal menstruation in women. vitamin E is great for the skin and it delays cell aging,improves elasticity of the skin and reduces the appearances of wrinkles,acnes and other scars, vitamin C and minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, magnesium,calcium and iron ( as much as red meat ) which are all essential for bone growth, tissue repair, muscles, body growth and general well being. Tiger nuts are used as an aphrodisiac in some parts of Nigeria.
Nigeria is by far the world’s largest producer of yams, accounting for over 70-76 percent of the world production. According to the food and agriculture organization report in 1985, Nigeria produced 18.3 million tonnes of Yam from 1.5 million hectares, representing 73.8 percent of total yam production in Africa. According to 2008 figures yam production in Nigeria has nearly doubled since 1985, with Nigeria producing 35.077 million metre tones with value equivalent of US$5.654 billion.
Yam, a tropical crop in the genus dioscorea, has as many as 600 species, out of which six are economically important staple species. These are: Discorea rotundata (white guinea yam), Discorea alata (Yellow Yam), Discorea bulbifera (aerial Yam), Discorea esculant (Chinese Yam) and
discorea dumentorum (Tifoliate Yam). Out of these, discorea rotundata (white Yam) and discorea alata (water yam) are the most common species in Nigeria. Yams are grown in the coastal region in rain forest, wood savanna and southern savanna habitats.
Yam is in the class of roots and tubers that is a staple of the Nigerian and West African diet, which provides some 200 calories of energy per capita daily. Tuber is the main part of the yam plant which has high carbohydrate content (low in fat and protein) and provides a good source of energy. Unpeeled yam has vitamin C. Yam sweet in flavour is consumed as boiled yam (as cooked vegetable) or fufu or fried in oil and then consumed .it is often pounded into a thick paste after boiling and is consumed with soup. Its medicinal use as a heart stimulant is attributed to its chemical composition, which consists of alkaloids of saponin and sapogenin. Its use as an industrial starch has also been established as the quality of some of the species is able to provide as much starch as in cereals.
The Kola nut is a Caffeine-containing nut of the evergreen trees of the genus Cola, primariy of the species Cola acuminata and cola, nitida. Cola acuminata an evergreen tree about 20 meters in height, has long ovoid leaves pointed at both the ends with a leathery texture. The trees have yellow flowers with purple Sports, and star-shaped fruit .inside the fruit, about a dozen round or square seeds develop in a white seed-shell. The nuts aroma is sweet and rose-like. The first taste is bitter, but it sweet and rose-like. The first taste is bitter, but it sweetens upon chewing. The nut can be boiled to extract the Cola.
Kola nuts comprise about 2% caffeine as well as containing Kolanin and theobromine. All three chemicals function as stimulants.
It is used as a flowering ingredient in beverages; it is one of the caffeine in cola.
BITTER KOLA (Garcinia kola).
An angrospermae, belonging to the family guttiferae, is known in commerce as bitter kola. On chewing, garcinia kola seed has a bitter astringent and resinous taste, somewhat resembling that of raw coffee followed by a slight sweetness. Bitter kola is a highly valued ingredient in African ethno medicine because of its varied and numerous uses which are social and medicinal; thus making the plant an essential ingredient in folk medicine. Medicinal plants such as garcinia kola are believed to be an important source of new chemical substances with potential therapeutic benefits.
The hulls had significantly higher crude protein and crude fibre content and comparable values for liquid extract and crude ash with the seed. The crude protein obtained from garcinia kola seed (4%) and hull (-10%) is comparable with 6.1-8.1% reported for chrysophyllum albidum and higher than 0.44-0.94% reported for cola rostrata.
The mineral content shows high a level of calcium (2200ppm) potassium (968ppm) and sodium (852ppm). Other mineral analysed we found to range from moderate to neglible. The result also shows a high level of saponin (2.471%), favonoids (2.041%) and cardiac glycosides (3.421%), alkaloids and tannins were present in considerable amount 0.647 and 0.34%, respectively. But phenol is present in negligible amount (0.147%) with the high level of cardiac glycosides, garcinia kola can be used as anti-inflammatory and as active components of drugs derived from plants.